A clinical psychologist evaluates, diagnoses and treats patients for psychological issues. At $73,066, the media U.S. salary is considerably higher in coparison with C$75,469 ($57,004 USD) in Canada, £39,864 ($44,090 USD) in UK, AU$74,409 ($56,209 USD) in Australia and NZ$70,116 ($49,526 USD) in New Zealand. On the lowest end of this guide’s comparison are South Africa (R290,103 or $20,200 USD) and India (Rs319,514 or $4,782 USD). As a high level of education and training is required, the clinical psychologist salary in all countries evaluated in this guide is above average compared to the pay earned in their respective regions. Salaries vary based on work setting, geographic region and professional experience and this guide provides an overview of these ranges worldwide.
How Much Does a Clinical Psychologist Make Per Year?
Clinical psychologists work in private practice, hospitals, agencies and schools, as well. Work setting, experience and also geographic region certainly have an impact on the salary range. Considering all factors, this chart outlines the median annual salaries for this career.
|Clinical Psychologist Salary||US||Canada||UK||Australia||New Zealand||India||South Africa|
Factors That Influence Clinical Psychologists’ Salaries
Payscale.com reports varying salaries based on geographic region, work setting and experience. Extensive education is required for this career, and while impactful, the level of education may not affect salary as greatly as experience or work setting. Details on income, benefits and also requirements to practice in clinical psychology are outlined for each country.
1. Geographic Area
Clinical Psychologist Salary in US
The return on investment in education is highest for clinical psychologists in the U.S. with starting salaries at $46,383. Experience can boost annual salaries to well over $106,000 per year, plus an average bonus of nearly $10,000. Those who continue in this career are able to build a patient base, allowing some to choose self-employment through private practice for the greatest income potential. In fact, the median income for a self-employed clinical psychologist is $247,000 per year.
Clinical Psychologist Salary in Canada
Clinical psychologists in Canada earn higher than average pay with a median annual salary of C$75,469. Those entering their career earn just under C$45,000, and with experience, have an increasing income of nearly $121,500 with bonuses. Work setting is the greatest factor impacting salary with hospitals and agencies paying about half compared to private practice. Additionally, there are varying guidelines set forth by each province outlining allowable rates that psychologists can charge.
Clinical Psychologist Salary in UK
The National Health Service (NHS) covers most clinical psychologist positions in UK. Trainees begin at Band 6 and earn between £26,302 and £35,225 annually. Upon training completion, employment moves to Band 7, with advancement in Bands and pay through additional experience. Senior level clinical psychologists qualify for Band 8b-d with salaries between £46,164 to more than £81,000. While the NHS model is a reference, private sector salaries can certainly be higher.
Clinical Psychologist Salary in Australia
The duration of a career in clinical psychology in Australia is often less than 20 years so additional experience may increase earning. Salaries are above average while unemployment is below average, meaning there are enough jobs for job seekers. The median salary is AU$74,409, with entry level employees beginning at about AU$48,327 and senior professionals earning well over AU$100,000. Not to mention that an additional AU$7,500 is available through bonuses.
Clinical Psychologist Salary in New Zealand
A beginning clinical psychologist in New Zealand earns about NZ$59,070. With additional experience, the median yearly salary increases to NZ$70,116 and senior level professionals earn just under NZ$98,000. Most in this field have less than 20 years’ experience so dedicated professionals may earn higher salaries. The private sector pays salaries about 25% more than the public sector. Professionals can earn an additional $16,000 per year in bonuses, too.
Clinical Psychologist Salary in India
Clinical psychologists in India are in demand and earn a higher than average median salary of Rs319,514. Private practice employees have the largest incomes in this field. Those beginning their careers earn about Rs120,133 annually, and because most clinical psychologists have less than 10 years’ experience, there is potential to rapidly increase earnings. In fact, the annual income for an experienced professional is about Rs635,800 with salary and bonuses.
Clinical Psychologist Salary in South Africa
The salary range for a clinical psychologist in South Africa is higher than average with trainees starting at about R116,424 and experienced professionals bringing home about R524,181. The annual median salary is about R290,100 with the potential for an additional R58,000 psychologists can earn through yearly bonuses. Interestingly, most employees working in clinical psychology move on to different careers after about 20 years, indicating additional experience may garner high pay.
Experience impacts salary ranges worldwide. For example, in India, where most people have less than 10 years’ experience, the starting salary is about Rs120,133 while senior level professionals earn about 421% more at R625,758. Similarly, in South Africa where most clinical psychologists have less than 20 years’ experience, the range in salaries for entry-level and senior level professionals is from R116,424 to R524,181, or a difference of 350%. U.S. salaries are the greatest, and there is 130% increase in earnings from entry level to senior professionals.
The equivalent to a four-year bachelor’s degree followed by graduate level work and practicum is always required. Moreover, senior level positions with higher salary ranges require a PhD. There are licensing and ongoing educational requirements in some countries; therefore, the individual is responsible for understanding these requirements.
Clinical psychologists often work in hospitals, community agencies and schools. Furthermore, those who are self-employed or work in the private sector have the greatest potential for income. Bonuses are commonly paid to employees in both the private and public sector.
Clinical psychologists typically work Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. with evening, weekend and on-call, emergency hours occasionally required. While most clinical psychologists work full-time, there are part-time and flexible opportunities available. Self-employed clinical psychologists set their own schedules and in this case may not work full-time hours.
Bonuses and Benefit Packages
At all levels, bonuses in addition to salary are often awarded. A full benefits package providing medical, vision and dental insurance is common whether employed in the public or private sector. Conversely, those choosing self-employment will be responsible for their own benefits. If working in UK for the NHS, 37.5 hours per week is viewed as full-time and part-time and flexible hours are available. High-cost area supplements from 5% to 20% of the yearly salary are provided to employees working within or in the surrounding areas of London, for instance. Self-employed private practitioners will find the greatest flexibility and earning potential, although it may take several years to build the experience and patient base to support this work setting.
Career outlook in clinical psychology is generally positive worldwide with all countries in this guide noting demand in employment opportunities equaling or exceeding supply. As a result, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics expects a 20% increase in U.S. job growth in this position through 2024 while Australia notes moderate growth through 2020. Employment and Social Development Canada projects the demand for clinical psychologists to exceed supply between now and 2020.
Working with people suffering from varying degrees of anxiety, depression or other mental conditions can certainly present challenges and additional stress. However, those who work in this field express high job satisfaction through the assistance they provide to people suffering from mental issues. Additionally, this career provides higher than average earning potential worldwide with a positive job outlook for several years.