A cardiac surgeon performs heart surgeries to treat cardiovascular issues. Salaries are hefty worldwide with salaries in the US at the high end at $347,854 on average compared to Rs2,398,967 (Rs35,943) in India, the lowest of the countries reviewed for this guide. Salary ranges vary based on geographic region, experience and work setting with details outlined in this guide.
How Much Does a Cardiac Surgeon Make Per Year?
|Cardiac Surgeon Salary||US||Canada||UK||Australia||New Zealand||India||South Africa|
|Hourly Wage||$198||C$161||£49||AU $119||NZ$190||Rs1454||R576|
Factors That Influence a Cardiac Surgeon Salary
Due to the level of education and training required to be a cardiac surgeon, this is not a strong factor in salary earnings. Payscale.com reports varying salary ranges with the most influential factors on income being experience, geographic region and whether working in the public or private sector.
1. Geographic Area
Cardiac Surgeon Salary in US
Entry level cardiac surgeons earn just under $100,000 per year on average, and quickly increase their income with experience. The average yearly salary is $347,854, while those with senior level experience can earn just shy of $600,000. Bonuses of nearly $100,000 may be added to yearly earnings. According to the Medical Group Management Association, cardiac surgeons who treat pediatrics earn up to 36% more than those who treat adults.
Cardiac Surgeon Salary in Canada
Cardiac surgeons in Canada earn an average yearly salary of C$292,000, placing them among the nation’s highest earners. Those starting their careers can expect an income just under C$97,000, and with experience, may earn more than C$530,000 with salary and bonus. Cardiac surgeons who work in clinic settings earn higher salaries averaging C 475,337, according to the Canadian Medical Association. Demand for skilled cardiac surgeons is expected to remain high and will likely continue to support elevated salaries.
Cardiac Surgeon Salary in UK
Cardiac surgeons are part of the cardiology physician specialty category and most employment in UK is funded by the National Health Service (NHS). The need for cardiac surgery is decreasing, resulting in an estimated 9% reduction estimated in the cardiac surgery workforce by 2020. While this trend has affected salaries for cardiac surgeons in UK, they remain among the highest wage earners in the country. The NHS reports that cardiac surgeons in training earn nearly £46,000 per year and experienced surgeons bring home over £115,000 per year with salary and bonus.
Cardiac Surgeon Salary in Australia
Entry level cardiac surgeons in Australia earn about AU$58,466 per year and see significant salary increases with experience. The Medical Journal of Australia states the average salary range is between AU$300,000 and AU$500,000 per year depending on the number of surgical procedures and whether work in performed in the private or public sector. Because heart surgery generally requires intensive care, it is usually performed in large hospitals or regional centers, which can be in the private or public sector.
Cardiac Surgeon Salary in New Zealand
As with all physician salaries in New Zealand, the government sets the pay scale for cardiac surgeons based on experience level. The median salary for a cardiac surgeon is NZ$335,000 per year and increases to about NZ$600,000 for senior level surgeons. Additional income can be earned with overtime as the standard work week is 40 hours per week and hours worked over this threshold accrue additional pay. Cardiac surgeons work in private and public hospitals as well as medical schools such as The Medical Schools at the Universities of Auckland and Otago. While salaries in New Zealand lag behind those of some other countries, continued high demand for cardiac surgeons in the country is expected to maintain higher than average salary levels.
Cardiac Surgeon Salary in India
The beginning yearly income for a cardiac surgeon in India is about Rs597,997, with the median salary at about Rs2,398,967. Experienced cardiac surgeons may earn well over Rs6,611,900 with salary and bonus, placing this group in the upper echelon of India’s workforce. Experienced cardiac surgeons are in short supply as 67% have nine years’ experience or less.
Cardiac Surgeon Salary in South Africa
South Africa has the widest gap between entry level and experienced cardiac surgeons with those beginning their careers earning about R 100,671 compared to experienced surgeons who have a yearly income of nearly R4,000,000. An additional R20,000 can be earned in bonuses. About 40% of the cardiac surgeons in South Africa have 20 years’ experience or more, placing them among the world’s most experienced in this field.
As with other healthcare professions, experience greatly affects income for cardiac surgeons worldwide. In South Africa, those with experience earn 3,847% more than trainees, and in India, the difference between the experienced and entry level incomes is 920%. In UK, despite a declining demand for cardiac surgeons, experience adds an additional 886% in earnings. Salaries in the US for cardiac surgeons are the highest worldwide and these professionals are among the highest wage earners in the country, yet those with experience also earn significantly higher incomes of 517% more than those entering the field.
Cardiac surgeons are highly skilled and trained medical professionals, requiring three to four years of medical school following an undergraduate degree and up to an additional seven years in training, internships and residency. Successful completion of a licensing exam is required and most countries call for continuing medical education training to maintain licensure.
Cardiac surgeons work primarily in hospitals and medical centers due to the complexity of their work and the intensive care required with heart surgery. Cardiac surgeons work with cardiologists and are generally assisted by a cardiovascular technologist. Some surgeons incorporate education and training into their work, especially those employed by hospitals or medical centers associated with higher education. Surgeons employed by private hospitals and medical centers often earn higher salaries than those who work in the public sector.
Working hours for a cardiac surgeon vary. While surgeries are often scheduled during typical work hours Monday through Friday, there is often need for follow-up, on-call and emergency hours. Because many surgeons work in a hospital setting providing 24-hour care, their work schedule is subject to possible needs on any day of the week, at any hour of the day.
Under the guidelines of the NHS of UK, 37.5 hours qualifies as full-time compared to 40 hours in New Zealand. Time worked over these amounts earns overtime pay. In the US, cardiac surgeons can expect to put in close to 60 hours per week in surgery, patient care, on-call hours and administrative tasks.
Bonuses and Benefit Packages
Common benefit packages worldwide include medical, dental and vision coverage, and some cardiac surgeons may quality for bonuses. Additional benefits including meal plans, overnight accommodations and a continuing medical education credit allowance may be provided to those working in hospitals.
An aging population worldwide supports increased demand for cardiac surgeons in most countries. In the US, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics expects a 14% increase in demand for cardiac surgeons between 2014 and 2024. Demand in New Zealand is expected to be supported by not only the aging population of patients, but also cardiac surgeons. Nearly one-third of all specialty physicians in New Zealand, including cardiac surgeons, are over the age 55 and are expected to retire in the next 10 years. Conversely, the NHS in UK expects demand to decline for cardiac surgeons in the coming years.
Cardiac surgeons are among the highest wage earners worldwide, from entry level to senior level professionals. While the population is aging and cardiac care is common with age, there are variances in demand for cardiac surgeons from country to country; however, most countries report demand that exceeds or meets the workforce supply.